Research Projects.

Updated 9 September 2019

The Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment and their Brunswick arms

In 1840 the British Army in Canada saw the need to raise a rifle regiment.

Volunteers with 15 years service or more were recruited from troops already posted in the Colony. A total 1,078 other ranks were required to form a regiment comprising 10 Companies. Thus the Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment was raised, and saw service from 1840 until disbanded in 1870.

The regiment was armed with both the Pattern 1837 and Pattern 1848 Brunswick rifles, complete with brass hilt sword bayonets.

Fortunately, today’s collector can benefit for the British Army penchant for stamping ownership markings on all equipment and arms. The bayonets issued to the Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment were boldly stamped on the brass cross-guard with Company letter, weapon number, and the regimental abbreviation of RCR. The brass mounted leather scabbards were treated in a similar manner.

I am tabulating details of surviving examples, in an effort to uncover more of the history of this short-lived regiment.

To date I have identified a total of 46 examples with RCR markings stamped on the crossguard or impressed into the leather of the scabbard body. A handful of the bayonets are the first type, Pattern 1837, with the majority the later 1848 pattern. They comprise attribution to A, B, D, E, F, G, H, I and K Company. Thanks to all those who have contributed to date. A link to the most recent survey list is at the bottom of this page.

Can you help fill in some blanks? This is an appeal to you to contribute any relevant information they may have on RCR marked Brunswick bayonets and scabbards. Photos welcomed.

Fig.01 – Pattern 1848 brass hilt Brunswick sword bayonet, and brass mounted black leather scabbard.

Fig.02 – P1848 bayonet crossguard with RCR ownership markings.

Fig.03 – Leather scabbard body with RCR ownership markings.

Fig.04 – P1837 bayonet crossguard with RCR ownership markings.

Fig.05 – A further example of RCR markings impressed into scabbard leather, This for 'I' Company, weapon No.31. The survival rate of Brunswick scabbards is very low, and rarely encountered with regimental markings.

A further example of an RCR marked Brunswick scabbard with Company I deeply impressed into the leather.

Current Survey information here : RCR marked Brunswick Bayonets

Towards the end of its active life (1870), the Regiment was re-armed with Snider rifles and P1853 socket bayonets. It is probable the bayonet sockets were stamped with the Regiment's initials, although I have not encountered an example. Certainly the scabbard leather was impressed thus.

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